Từ vựng ôn thi Đại học môn tiếng Anh

Thứ ba - 11/02/2020 02:26
Bài tập từ vựng trong các đề thi trắc nghiệm tiếng Anh thường bao gồm các dạng bài tập sau:Bài tập về cấu tạo từ hoặc dạng thức của từ (word formation).Bài tập về chọn từ (word choice) hoặc sự kết hợp của từ (collocations).
TỪ VỰNG

Bài tập từ vựng trong các đề thi trắc nghiệm tiếng Anh thường bao gồm các dạng bài tập sau:
  • Bài tập về cấu tạo từ hoặc dạng thức của từ (word formation).
  • Bài tập về chọn từ (word choice) hoặc sự kết hợp của từ (collocations).

I. PHƯƠNG THỨC CẤU TẠO CỦA TỪ (Word formation):
        Bài tập cấu tạo từ thường kiểm tra tất cả các dạng từ loại như danh từ, tính từ, trạng từ, động từ. Để làm tốt dạng bài tập này, trước hết, học sinh cần phải có một vốn từ vựng phong phú. Khi học một từ mới các em nên học tất cả các từ lạ lien quan, bao gồm cả tiền tố hoặc hậu tố cấu tạo từ trái nghĩa.

Ví dụ: succeed (v), success (n), successful (a), successfully (adv), unsuccessful (adj), unsuccessfully (adv).
Khi lựa chọn đáp án đúng cho bài tập cấu tạo từ ta cần chú ý những điểm sau:
  • Xác định từ loại của từ cần tìm
  • Danh từ cấn tìm số ít hay số nhiều
  • Dộng từ trong câu chia ở thì nào, theo chủ ngữ số ít hay số nhiều
  • Đáp án cần tìm có nghĩa khẳng định (positive) hay phủ định (negative)
  • Nếu đáp án cần tìm là danh từ thì xác định đó là danh từ chỉ người, vật, hay sự vật
        Cần cân nhắc về nghĩa trong câu với những từ có cùng từ loại.

Ví dụ minh họa 1: Chọn từ thích hợp tương ứng với A.,B, C, hoặc D để hoàn thành câu sau:
        He cycled ________and had an accident.
  1. careful          B. careless           C. carefully         D. carelessly
Hướng dẫn: Ta dùng trạng từ bổ nghĩa cho động từ cycle, ta lại chọn carelessly thay vì carefully vì nghĩa của câu.
        Đáp án là D.
        He cycled carelessly and had an accident. (Anh ấy đi xe máy ẩu và gặp tai nạn)

Ví dụ minh họa 2: Chọn từ thích hợp tương ứng với A.,B, C, hoặc D để hoàn thành câu sau:
        Peter ________ opened the door of cellar, wondering what he might find.
  1. cautious B. cautiously C. cautional D. cautionally
Hướng dẫn: Peter ________opened the door of the cellar, wondering what he might find. (Peter mở cửa tầng hầm _____, tự hỏi rằng mình có thể tìm thấy gì).
        B: đáp án đúng: cautiously (trạng từ) = (một cách) thận trọng
        A: Phương án sai: cautious (tính từ) = thận trọng
        C, D Phương án sai: không có các từ này trong tiếng Anh.

Ví dụ minh họa 3: Chọn từ thích hợp tương ứng với A.,B, C, hoặc D để hoàn thành câu sau:
        The new dress makes you more__________.
        A. beauty B. beautiful C. beautifully D. beautify
        Hướng dẫn: make + danh từ/ đại từ + tính từ/ tính từ so sánh hơn: làm cho, khiến cho
        Đáp án là B. “The new dress makes you more beautiful”. (Chiếc áo đầm mới làm cho bạn xinh đẹp hơn).
        Để làm tốt dạng bài tập từ vựng, ta cần lưu ý các điểm sau đây:
 
  1. Thay đổi loại từ
        Trong tiếng Anh có nhiều từ được sử dụng với những loại từ khác nhau và có nghĩa khác nhau.
Ví dụ: a cook (danh từ): đầu bếp, to cook (động từ): nấu ăn
                       a graduate (danh từ) : sinh viên tốt nghiệp
                       to graduate (động tù): tố nghiệp
  1. Từ ghép:
Danh từ ghép:
Phương thức thông thường nhất là sự ghép tự do hai danh từ với nhau để tạo thành danh từ mới. Cách ghép tự do này có thể áp dụng đối với nhiều trường hợp và danh từ ghép có thể là hai từ hoặc một từ, đôi khi mang một nghĩa mới.
Phần lớn danh từ ghép được tạo thành bới:
  • Danh từ + danh từ:
               A tennis club: câu lạc bộ quần vợt
               A telephone bill: hóa đơn điện thoại
               A train journey: chuyến đi bằng tàu hỏa
* Danh động từ + danh từ
               A swimming pool: hồ bơi
               A sleeping bag: túi ngủ
               Washing powder: bột giặt
  • Tính từ + danh từ:
               A greenhouse: nhà kình
               A blackboard: bảng viết
               Quicksilver: thủy ngân
               A black sheep: kẻ hư hỏng
  • Mọt số ít danh từ ghép có thể gồm ba từ hoặc nhiều hơn:
               Merry- go- round (trò chơi ngựa quay)
               Forget- me- not (hoa lưu li)
               Mother- in- law (mẹ chồng/ mẹ vợ)
Danh từ ghép có thể được viết như:
  • Hai từ rời: book seller (người bán sách), dog trainer (người huấn luyện chó)
  • Hai từ có gạch nối ở giữa: waste- bin (giỏ rác), living-room (phòng khách)
  • Một từ duy nhất: watchmaker (thợ chế tạo đồng hồ), schoolchildren (học sinh), chairman (chủ tọa).
        Trong cấu tạo “danh từ + danh từ”, danh từ đi trước thường có dạng số ít nhưng cũng có trường hợp ở dạng số nhiều:
A vegetable garden (vườn rau)
An eye test (kiểm tra mắt)
A sports shop (cửa hàng bán đồ thể thao)
A goods train (tàu chở hàng)

Tính từ ghép: Tính từ ghép thường gồm hai hoặc nhiều từ kết hợp với nhau và được dùng như một từ duy nhất. Tính từ ghép có thể được viết thành:
  • Một từ duy nhât:
        Life + long -> lifelong (cả đời)
        Home + sick -> homesick (nhớ nhà)
  • Hai từ có dấu gạch nối ở giữa :
        After + school -> after- school (sau giờ học)
        Back + up ->back-up/ backup (giúp đỡ)
  • Nhiều từ có dấu gạch nối ở giữa
        A two-hour-long test (bài kiểm tra kéo dài hai giờ)
        A ten-year-old-boy (cậu bé lên mười)
Tính từ ghép có thể được tạo thành bởi:
  • Danh từ + tính từ:
        Duty-free (miễn thuế) noteworthy (đáng chú ý)
        Nationwide (khắp nước) blood-thirsty (khát máu)
  • Danh từ + phân từ:
        Handmade (làm bằng tay) time-consuming (tốn thời gian)
        Breath- taking (đáng kinh ngạc) heart- broken (đau khổ)
  • Trạng từ + phân từ:
        ill- equipped (trang bị kém) outspoken (thẳng thắn)
        well- behaved (lễ phép) high- sounding (huyên hoang)
  • Tính từ + phân từ:
        Good-looking (xinh xắn) easy-going (thoải mái)
        Beautiful-sounding (nghe hay) middle-ranking (bậc trung)
  • Tính từ+ danh từ kết hợp với tận cùng –ed:
        old-fashioned (lỗi thời) absent –minded (đãng trí)
        fair-skinned (da trắng) artistic- minded (có óc thẩm mỹ)
 
  1. Thay đổi phụ tố (affixation):
Bằng cách thêm phụ tố (affixation) bao gồm tiền tố (prefixes) vào đầu một từ gốc hoặc hậu tố (suffixes) vào cuối từ gốc ta có cách cấu tạo một hình thái từ mới rất phổ biến trong tiếng Anh.
  • Hậu tố tạo động từ:
  • ise/ -ize: modernize, popularize, industrialize…
  • ify: beautify, purify, simplify
  • Tiền tố phủ định của tính từ:
 
Tiền tố phủ định Ví dụ
Im- (đứng trước tính từ bắt đầu m hoặc p) Immature, impatient
Ir- (đứng trước tính từ bắt đầu r) Irreplaceable. irregular
Il- (đứng trước tính từ bắt đầu l) Illegal, illegible, illiterate
In- Inconvenient, inedible
Dis- Disloyal, dissimilar
Un- Uncomfortable, unsuccessful

Lưu ý: Đối với các tiền tố in-, im-, ngoài ý nghĩa phủ định chúng còn mang nghĩa ‘bên trong; vào trong”, Ví dụ: internal, income, import..
  • Các tiền tố un- và dis- còn được dùng để thành lập từ trái nghĩa của động từ: tie/untie, appear/disappear..hoặc đảo ngược hành động hành động của động từ: disbelieve, disconnect, dislike, disqualify, unbend, undo, undress, unfold, unload, unlock, unwrap..
Ngoài ra ra còn có tiền tố phủ định de- và non: decentralize, nonsense…
  • Hậu tố tính từ:
-y: bushy, dirty, hairy…
-ic: atomic, economic, poetic
-al: cultural, agricultural, environmental
-ical: biological, grammatical
-ful: painful, hopeful, careful
-less: painless, hopeless, careless
-able: loveable, washable, breakable
-ive: productive, active
-ous: poisonous, outrageous
* Hậu tố tạo danh từ:
Các hậu tố hình thành danh từ thường gặp.
Hậu tố Ý nghĩa Ví dụ
-er
-or

 
- chỉ người thực hiện một hành động
- ta còn dùng hậu tố này cho rất nhiều động từ để hình thành danh từ
Writer, painter, worker, actor, operator
- er/- or Dùng chỉ vật thực hiện một công việc nhất định Pencil- sharpener, grater
Bottle-opener, projector
 
-ee Chỉ người nhận hoặc trải qua một hành động nào đó Employee, payee
-tion
-sion
-ion
Dùng để hình thành danh từ từ động từ Complication, admission, donation, alteration
-ment Chỉ hành động hoặc kết quả Bombardment, development
-ist
-ism
Chỉ người
Chỉ hoạt động hoặc hệ tư tưởng (hai hậu tố này dùng cho chính trị , niềm tin và hệ tư tưởng hoặc ý thức hệ của con người)
Buddhist, Marxist
Buddhism, communism
-ist Còn dùng để chỉ người chơi một loại nhạc cụ, chuyên gia một lĩnh vực… Guitarist, violinist, pianist
Economist, biologist
-ness Dùng để hình thành danh từ từ tính từ Goodness, readiness, forgetfulness, happiness, sadness, weakness
-hood Chỉ trạng thái hoặc phẩm chẩt
 
Childhood, falsehood
-ship Chỉ trạng thái, phẩm chất, tình trạng, khả năng hoặc nhóm
 
Friendship, citizenship, musicianship, membership
 
  • Sau đây là các tiền tố khác trong tiếng Anh, một số từ có dấu gạch nối.
 
Tiền tố Ý nghĩa Ví dụ
Anti- Chống lại Anti-war, antisocial
Auto- Tự động Auto-pilot, autography
Bi- Hai, hai lần Bicycle, bilingual
Ex- Trước đây Ex-wife, ex- smoker
Micro- Nhỏ bé Microwave, microscopic
Mis- Tồi tệ, sai Misunderstand, misinform
Mono- Một, đơn lẻ Monotone, monologue
Multi- Nhiều Multi-national, multi-purpose
Over- Nhiều, quá mức Overdo, overtired, overeat
Post- Sau Postwar, postgraduate
Pre- Trước Pre-war, pre-judge
Pro- Tán thành, ủng hộ Pro-government, pro-revolutionary
Pseudo- Già Pseudo- scientific
Re- Lần nữa, trở lại Retype, reread, rewind
Semi- Phân nửa Semi-final, semicircular
Sub- Bên dưới Subway, subdivision
Under- Thiếu, không đủ Underworked, undercooked
 
  • Bảng từ loại thông dụng:
 
Động từ Danh từ Tính từ Trạng từ
Accept (chấp nhận) acceptance Acceptable, unacceptable  
  Advantage (sự thuận lợi) # disadvantage Advantaged (có điều kiện tốt) # disadvantaged, advantageous (có lợi) Advantageously
Apologize (xin lỗi) apology apologetic  
Appreciate (đánh giá cao, trân trọng) appreciation appreciative  
Attend (tham dự) Attention (sự chú ý)
Attendance (sự tham dự, có mặt)
Attentive (chú tâm, chú ý) # inattentive  
Appear (xuất hiện)
Disappear (biến mất)
Appreciative # disappearance Apparent (hiển nhiên, rõ ràng) apparently
Apply (nộp hồ sơ) Application (lời xin, đơn xin)
Applicant (người nộp hồ sơ)
   
Approve (tấn thánh)
Disapprove (không tán thánh)
Approval # disapproval    
Attract (thu hút) Attraction (sự thu hút, điểm thu hút)
Attractiveness (tính thu hút, sự hấp dẫn)
Attractive (hấp dẫn, thu hút) # unattractive
Attracted (bị thu hút)
Attractively
Advertise (quảng cáo) Advertising (sự quảng cáo)
Advertisement (sự quảng cáo, mục quảng cáo)
Advertiser (nhà quảng cáo)
   
Benefit (giúp ích, làm lợi cho)
 
Benefit (lợi ích) Beneficial (có lợi)  
Believe (tin tưởng) Belief (lợi ích)
Believer (tín đồ)
Believable (có thể tin được) # unbeliveable Believably # unbelieably
  Biology (sinh vật học)
Biologist (nhà sinh vật học)
Biological Biologically
Compete (cạnh tranh, tranh đua) Competition (cuộc thi, sự cạnh tranh)
Competitior (người tham gia thi đấu)
competitive competitively
Construct (xây dựng) Construction Constructive (tích cực, mang tính xây dựng) constructively
Continue (tiếp tục) continuation Continuous (tiếp diễn, lien tục)
Continual (lặp đi, lặp lại thường xuyên)
Continuously
continually
Contribute (đóng góp) Contribution (sự đóng góp)
Contributor (người đóng góp)
Contributory # non- contributory  
Conserve (bảo tồn) Conservation (sự bảo tồn, sự bảo quản)
Conservationist (nhà bảo tồn)
Conservative (bảo thủ) Conservatively
Create (tạo ra) Creation (sự sáng tạo)
Creatively (tính sáng tạo)
Creator (người tạo ra)
Creative (sáng tạo) creatively
Endanger (gây nguy hiểm) Danger (sự nguy hiểm) Dangerous (nguy hiểm)
Endangered (bị nguy hiểm)
Dangerously
Develop (phát triển) Development (sự phát triển) Developed (phát triển)
Developing (đang phát triển)
Underdeveloped (chậm phát triển)
 
Decide (quyết định) Decision (sự quyết định)
Decisiveness (tính quết đoán)
Decisive (quyết đoán)
# indecisive (do dự)
decisively
Depend (phụ thuộc) Dependence (sự phụ thuộc) # independence (sự độc lập) Dependent (phụ thuộc) # independent (độc lập)  
Destroy (phá hủy) Destruction (sự phá hủy)
Destructiveness (tính phá hoại)
Destructive (có tính chất phá hoại) Destructively
Direct (chỉ dẫn) Direction (sự chỉ dẫn, hướng)
Director (giám đốc, đạo diễn)
   
Differ (khác, không giống) Difference (sự khác biệt) Different (khác biệt)
Indifferent (hờ hững)
differently
Disappoint (làm thất vọng) Disappointment (sự thất vọng) Disappointed (bị thất vọng)
Disappointing (thất vọng)
disappointingly
Economize (tiết kiệm) Economy (nền kinh tế)
Economics (kinh tế học)
Economic (thuộc về kinh tế học)
Economical (tiết kiệm)
Economically
Educate (giáo dục) Education (sự/ nền giáo dục
Educator (người làm công tác giáo dục)
Educationalist (nhà giáo dục)
Educational (thuộc giáo dục, mang tính giáo dục)
Educated (được giáo dục)
Educationally
Employ (thuê, tuyển dụng) Employment (việc làm)
# unemployment
Employer (người chủ)
Employee (nhân viên)
Employed (có việc làm)
# unemployed
 
  Environmental (môi trường)
Environmentalist (người bảo vệ môi trường)
Environmental (thuộc về môi trường) environmentally
Excite (kích thích, gây hào hứng) Excitement (sự hào hứng) Excited, exciting Excitedly
excitingly
Experience (trải qua) Experience (trải nghiệm, kinh nghiệm) Experienced (có kinh nghiệm) # inexperienced  
Explain (giải thích) Explanation (sự/ lời giải thích) Explanatory (có tính giải thích)  
Afforest (trồng rừng) Forest (rừng)
Afforestation (sự trồng rừng)
# deforestation (sự phá rừng)
   
Harm (gây hại) Harm (sự tổn hại)
Harmfulness (tính gây hại) # harmlessness
Harmful (có hại)
Harmless (vô hại)
Harmfully # harmlessly
Hope (hi vọng) Hope (niềm hy vọng)
Hopefulness (tính đầy hy vọng) # hopelessness
Hopeful (đầy hy vọng)
Hopeless (vô vọng)
Hopefully
hopelessly
Inform (thông báo) Information (thông báo)
Informer (người cung cấp thông tin)
Informative (chứa nhiều thông tin)
Informed (có hiểu biết)
 
Imagine (tưởng tượng) Imagination (sự tưởng tượng) Imaginary (không thật, do tưởng tượng)
Imaginative (giàu trí tưởng tượng)
imaginativly
Impress (gây ấn tượng) Impression (ấn tượng) Impressive (gây ấn tượng) Impressively
Improve (cải thiện) Improvement (sự cải thiện) Improved (được cải thiện)  
Know (biết) Knowledge (kiến thức, sự hiểu biết) Knowledgeable (hiểu biết) knowledgeably
Live (sống) Life (cuộc sống)
Lifestyle (lối sống)
Living (sự kiếm sống)
Livelihood (sinh kế)
Lifespan = life expectancy (tuổi thọ)
Alive (còn sống)
Lively (sống đông)
Living (đang tồn tại)
Lifelong (suốt đời)
Live (trực tiếp)
Lifelike (giống như thật)
 
  Major (chính yếu) # minor (nhỏ, thứ yếu) Majority (đa số) # minority (thiểu số)  
Marry (kết hôn) Marriage (hôn nhân) Married # unmarried  
Necessitate (làm cho cái gì cần thiết) Necessity (thứ cần thiết) Necessary (cần thiết) # unnecessary unnecessaribly
Obey (tuân theo) Obedience (sự tuân theo)
# disobedience
Obedient (vâng lời) 3 disobedient Obediently # disobediently
Oppose (chống đối) Opposition (sự chống đối)
Opponent (đối thủ)
Opposed
opposing
 
  Patience (sự kiên nhẫn)
# impatience
Patient (kiên nhẫn) # impatient Patiently # imapatiently
Popularize (phổ cập) Popularity (tính phổ biến) Popular # unpopular Popularly
 
  Possibility (khả năng, sự có thể) # impossibility Possible (có thể) # impossible Possibly # impossibly
Prefer (thích hơn) Preference (sự ưu tiên) Preferential (ưu đãi)
Preferable (thích hơn)
Preferably
Produce (sản xuất, tạo ra) Product (sản phẩm)
Produce [U] (sản phẩm nói chung)
Productivity (năng suất)
Producer (nhà sản xuất)
Productive (sinh lợi, có năng suất)  
  Profit (lợi nhuận)
Profitability (tính có lợi)
Profitable (có thể mang lại lợi nhuận)
Non-profit (phi lợi nhuận)
Profitless (vô dụng)
profitably
Protect (bảo vệ) Protection (sự bảo vệ) Protective (bảo hộ, che chở)
Protected (được bảo vệ)
protectively
Pollute (làm ô nhiễm) Pollution (sự ô nhiễm)
Pollutant (chất gây ô nhiễm)
Polluted (bị ô nhiễm)  
Publicize (quảng cáo, làm cho mọi người biết) Public (công chúng, quần chúng)
Publicity (sự công khai, sự quảng cáo)
Publicist (người làm quảng cáo)
Public (công cộng) publicly
Recognize (nhận ra) recognition Recognizable (có thể nhận ra được) # unrecognizable recognizably
Reduce (làm giảm) Reduction (sự cắt giảm)    
Refuse (từ chối) Refusal    
Repeat (lặp lại) repetition Repeated (lặp đi lặp lại)
Repeatable (có thể nhắc lại)
Repeatedly
  Responsibility (trách nhiệm) Responsible (có trách nhiệm) # irresponsible reponsibly
Satisfy (làm hài long, thỏa mãn) Sastisfaction Satisfied (thõa mãn)
Satisfactory (thỏa đáng)
 
  Science ( khoa học)
Scientist (nhà khoa học)
  Scientifically
Secure (bảo vệ) Security (sự an toàn)   Securely
Shorten (làm ngắn lại) Shortage (sự thiếu hụt)
Shortlist (danh sách rút gọn)
Shortcoming (thiếu sót)
short Shortly (nhanh, sớm)
Signify (làm cho có ý nghĩa) Significance (ý nghĩa, tầm quan trọng) Significant (có ý nghĩa)  
Solve (giải quyết) Solution (giải pháp)
Solver (người tìm ra giải pháp)
Solvable (có thể giải quyết được)  
Submit (nộp) Submission (sự nộp, bài nộp)    
Succeed (thành công) success Successful # unsuccessful Successfully
unsuccessfully
Survive (sống sót) Survival (sự sống sót)    
Value (đánh giá, định giá) Value (giá trị) Valuable (có giá trị) # unvaluable  (vô giá)  
Vary (thay đổi) Variety (sự đa dạng) Various (nhiều, đa dạng)
Variable (hay thay đổi)
Varied (khác nhau)
 
Widen (mở rộng) Width (bề rộng) Wide (rộng rãi)
Widespread (rộng khắp)
widely
  Wisdom (sự khôn ngoan) Wise (khôn ngoan) # unwise wisely

II. CHỌN TỪ- SỰ KẾT HỢP TỪ ( Word choice- Collocations):

Để làm tốt bài tập chọn từ hoặc sự kết hợp của từ ta cần chú ý những điểm sau:
  • Đọc kĩ câu hỏi và chú ý những từ loại cần điền vào:
  • Đọc kĩ 4 lựa chọn và ngữ nghĩa của chúng
  • Lựa chọn đáp án đúng dựa vào kiến thức từ vựng đã học
  • Nếu chưa quyết định dứt khoát đáp án đúng thì hãy dùng phương pháp loại trừ dần dần những phương án sai.
Ví dụ minh họa 1: Chọn từ thích hợp tương ứng với A, B, C hoặc D để hoàn thành câu sau:
        English is now an effective medium of international _______.
        A. communication             B. talking             C. speech             D. saying
Hướng dẫn: Câu này hỏi sự sử dụng đúng từ trong ngữ cảnh.
        A            Đáp án đúng. English is now an effective medium of internatinonal communication. (Bây giờ tiếng       Anh là phương tiện giao tiếp quốc tế hiệu quả), communication = sự giao tiếp.
        B            talking = sự nói; câu chuyện (không thể kết hợp với international)
        C            speech = lời nói; cách nói; bài diễn văn
        D            saying = tục ngữ, châm ngôn
Ví dụ minh họa 2: Chọn từ thích hợp tương ứng với A, B, C hoặc D để hoàn thành câu sau:
        It was such a boring speech that I fell __________.
    1. asleep B. sleep C. sleepy D. sleepily
Hướng dẫn: Câu này hỏi về khả năng kết hợp từ của động từ fall:
        fall asleep = ngủ thiếp đi; dạng quá khứ của fall là fell.
        Ngoài ra còn có feel sleepy (cảm thấy buồn ngủ); quá khứ của feel là felt. Đáp án là A
        It was such a boring speech that I felt asleep. (Bài diễn văn chán đến nỗi tôi ngủ thiếp đi).
Ví dụ minh họa 3: Chọn từ thích hợp tương ứng với A, B, C hoặc D để hoàn thành câu sau:
        He kindly offered to ________ me the way to the station.
        A. explain B, direct C. describe D. show
Hướng dẫn:
        D Đáp án đúng: show someone the way = chỉ đường cho ai
He kindly offered to show me the way to the station. (Ông ta tử tế chỉ cho tôi đường đến nhà ga)
        A Phương án sai: explain = giải thích
        B Phương án sai: direct someone to somewhere = chỉ đường cho ai
        Ví dụ: Could you direct me to the airport? (ông làm ơn chỉ đường cho tôi đến sân bay)
        C Phương án sai: describe = mô tả

SỰ KẾT HỢP TỪ VỚI CÁC ĐỘNG TỪ THÔNG DỤNG:
 
  • DO: (= accomplish, carry out – hoàn thành, thực hiện một công việc)
Do an assignment: làm một nhiệm vụ được giao
Do business (with): kinh doanh
Do one’s best: cố gắng hết sức
Do a crossword: chơi ô chữ
Do damage: gây thiệt hại
Do a course: theo một khóa học
Do history/economics: học lịch sử/ kinh tế học…
Do an experiment: làm thí nghiệm
Do good: bổ ích
Do harm: gây hại
Do a job: làm một công việc
Do one’s duty: làm nghĩa vụ
Do one’s hair: làm tóc
Do one’s homework: làm bài tập về nhà
Do research: nghiên cứu
Do someone a favour: làm giúp ai điều gì
Do the shopping: mua sắm
Do wonders/ miracles: mang lại kết quả kì diệu
Do without: làm mà không có cái gì
Do wrong: làm sai
  • MAKE: (= produce, manufacture- làm ra, chế tạo ra)
Make an appointment: thu xếp một cuộc hẹn
Make an attempt: cố gắng, nỗ lực
Make an announcement: thông báo
Make the bed: dọn giường
Make a cake: làm bánh
Make changes: thay đổi
Make a choice: chọn lựa
Make a decision: quyết định
Make a comment: nhận xét
Make a complaint: phàn nàn, than phiền
Make a comparision: so sánh
Make a contribution: đóng góp vào
Make a decision: quyết định
Make a differrence: tạo sự khác biệt
Make a distinction: tạo sự khác biệt/sự tương phản
Make an effort: nỗ lực
Make an excuse: viện cớ
Make a law: thông qua đạo luật
Make a mistake: mắc sai lầm
Make money: kiếm tiền
Make progress: tiến bộ
Make a plan: lập kế hoạch
Make a phone call: gọi điện thoại
Make preparations for: chuẩn bị cho
Make a profit: thu lợi nhuận
Make a promise: hứa hẹn
Make a speech: đọc bài diễn văn
Make noise: làm ồn
Make a start: khởi hành
Make a suggestion: đề nghị
Make a will: làm di chúc
Make up one’s mind: quyết định
Make use of: sử dụng
 
  • TAKE:
Take sb/sth for granted: xem ai/ cái gì là tất nhiên
Take place: xảy ra
Take part in: tham gia vào
Take effect: có hiệu lực
Take advantage of sth: tận dụng cái gì
Take notice of sth: chú ý dến cái gì
Take responsibility for sth: chịu trách nhiệm về cái gì
Take interest in: quan tâm đến
Take offence: thất vọng, phật ý
Take powder/office: nhận chức
Take a pity on sb: thông cảm cho ai
Take a view/ attitude: có quan điểm/ thái độ
Take sth as a compliment: xem cái gì như lời khen tặng
Take sth as an insult: xem cái gì như lời sỉ nhục
 
  • HAVE:
Have difficulty (in) doing something: gặp khó khăn khi làm cái gì
Have a problem: có vấn đề, gặp khó khăn
Have a go/ try: thử
  • PAY:
Pay attention to: chú ý dến
Pay a compliment: khen
Pay a visit to sb: đến thăm ai
Pay tribute to: bày tỏ long kính trọng

SỰ KẾT HỢP TỪ VỚI CÁC DANH TỪ THÔNG DỤNG
 
Danh từ Cụm từ kết hợp
advice
  • follow/ take/ listen to/get on sb’s advice (nghe theo lời khuyên cuae ai)
  • get/ obtain/ receive advice (nhận lời khuyên)
Bill


 
  • pay/ settle/ pick up a bill (trả một hóa đơn)
  • be landed with/ face a bill (chịu một hóa đơn)
  • an unpaid bill (một hóa đơn chưa thanh toán)
Career
  • at the height/ peak of one’s carreer (ở đỉnh cao sự nghiệp)
  • embark on a career (dấn thaan vào một nghề)
  • have a careeer in (có sự nghiệp trong lĩnh vực)
  • climb the career ladder (thăng tiến nghề nghiệp)
  • week/ ruin one’s career (hủy hoại sự nghiệp của mình)
  • a promising/ brilliant career (sự nghiệp đầy hứa hẹn)
Chance
  • get/have a chance (có cơ hội)
  • give/ offer/ provide a chance (tạo cơ hội)
  • jump at/ seize/ grab a chance (nắm lấy cơ hội)
  • not stand a chance of doing sth (không có khả năng làm gì)
  • sheer/ pure chance (sự tình cờ hoàn toàn)
  • good/ fair/ high/strong chance (khả năng cao)
  • minimal/ slight/ little chance (khả năng mong manh)
Demand
  • meet/ satisfy/cope with a demand (đáp ứng/ thỏa mãn nhu cầu
  • increase/ boost/ stimulate demand (tăng nhu cầu)
  • big/ huge/ great/ considerable/ enormous/ strong demand (nhu cầu lớn/ cao)
Difference
  • make a difference (tạo/ mang sự khác biệt
  • make all the difference (thay đổi lớn)
  • tell the difference (phân biệt)
  • feel/ know/ notice/ see/ perceive/ the difference (cảm nhận, nhận thức sự khác biệt)
  • considerable/ enormous/ maor/ profound/ dramatic/ sharp difference (sự khác biệt đáng kể, rõ rệt)
  • with a difference (đặc biệt khác thường)
difficulty
  • have/ experience/ encounter/ face/ get into/ run into difficulties (gặp khó khăn)
  • do sth with/ without difficulty (làm gì một cách khó khăn/ dễ dàng)
  • solve/ cope with/ deal with difficulties (giải quyết khó khăn)
  • overcome/ surmount difficulties (vượt qua khó khăn)
  • great/ enormous/ considerabke/ serious difficulty (khó khăn lớn, nghiêm trọng)
Fault
  • find/ locate/ identify/ discover fault (tìm lỗi)
  • correct/ fix/ repair/ recify a fault (sữa chữa một lỗi)
  • be all/ entirely one’s own fault (hoàn toàn do lỗi của ai)
  • be hardly one’s own fault (hầu như không phải lỗi của ai)
  • at fault (chịu trách nhiệm về một sai lầm)
Favour
  • do sb a favour (làm giúp ai điều gì)
  • ask a favour (hỏi xin một ân huệ)
  • owe sb a favour (mang ơn ai)
  • return a favour (đáp lại một ân huệ)
  • find/ gain/ win favour (có được sự ủng hộ)
  • in favour of sth (ủng hộ, tán thành cáu gì)
Habit
  • be in/ have the habit of (có thói quen)
  • form/ get into/ fall into/ make/ develop/ acquire a habit (hình thành, tạo thành một thói quen)
  • change a habit (thay đổi  một thói quen)
  • break/ give up/ get out of a habit ( bỏ một thói quen)
  • by habit (do thói quen)
  • out of habit (vì thói quen)
Measure
  • adopt/ take/ implement/ impose/ introduce a measure (thực hiện/ áp dụng một giải pháp)
  • appropriate/ effective/ necessary/ practical measure (giải pháp thích hợp/ hiệu quả/ cần thiết/ thực tế)
  • short- term/ temporary measure (giải pháp tạm thời)
Occupation
  • follow/ take up an occupation ( theo một nghề)
  • choose an occupation (chọn một nghề)
  • give up one’s occupation (bỏ nghề)
Opportunity
  • have/ find/ get an opportunity (có/ tìm được một cơ hội)
  • have ample/ considerable/ plenty of opportunity (có nhiều cơ hội)
  • have limited/ little/ not much opportunity (có ít cơ hội)
  • a good/ great/ wonderful/ golden opportunity (cơ hội tốt, cơ hội tuyệt vời, cơ hội vàng)
Problem
  • encounter/ be faced with/ confront/ be confronted with a problem (gặp phải một vấn đề)
  • solve/ deal with/ clear up/ overcome a problem (giải quyết/ vượt qua một vấn đề)
  • big/ great/ serious/ acute problem (vấn đề lớn/ nghiêm trọng)
Popularity
  • gain/ grow/ enjoy popularity (ngày càng được ưa thích)
  • at the peak of sb’s/ sth’s popularity (ở đỉnh cao của sự nổi tiếng)
  • an increase/ a rise in popularity (sự ưa chuộng, gia tăng)
  • a decline/ drop in popularity (giảm/ ít nổi tiếng)
Relationship
  • have/ enjoy a close/ good relationship (có mối lien hệ gần gũi/ tốt)
  • build (up)/ develop/ establish/ foster a relationship (xây dựng/ thiết lâp mối quan hệ)
  • improve/ strengthen a relationship (cải thiện, củng cố mối quan hệ)
Standard
  • set a standard (đưa ra, lập ra một tiêu chuẩn)
  • meet/ achieve/conform to/ comply with standards (đáp ứng, đảm bảo tiêu chuẩn)
  • raise/ improve standards (nâng cao/ cải thiện chất lượng)
Subject
  • bring up a subject (đưa ra một đề tài)
  • cover/ discuss/ talk about/ touch a subject (đề cập/ thảo luận một đề tài)
  • drop a subject (thôi nói về một đề tài)
  • get off a subject (chán nói về một đề tài)
Time
  • spend time doing sth (dành thời gian làm gì)
  • take sb time to do sth (mất thòi gian làm gì)
  • find/ make time to do sth (có thời gian làm gì)
  • kill/ pass time (giết thời gian)
  • time + pass / go by/ elapse (thời gian trôi qua)
Title
  • hold a title (giữ một danh hiệu)
  • defend/ retain a title (bảo vệ/ duy trì danh hiệu)
  • lose a title (mất danh hiệu)
  • award/ below/ confer  a title (ban một danh hiệu)
  • under a / the title (với tựa đề)
Trouble
  • bring/ cause/ give sb trouble (gây phiền toái)
  • take the trouble to do sth (nhọc công làm gì)
  • have trouble with sth (gặp rắc rối với cái gì)
  • run into/ get into trouble (gặp rắc rối)


NGỮ ĐỘNG TỪ: (Prasal verbs)

        Ngữ động từ là động từ kép gồm có một động từ và một giới từ, trạng từ hoặc với cả hai. Các ngữ động từ không có nghĩa do các từ gộp lại nên ta phải học thuộc nghĩa của chúng.
Ví dụ: turn down (bác bỏ), break down (hỏng máy), give up (từ bỏ)
Ngữ động từ có thể phân biệt làm bốn loại:
  • Ngữ động từ tách ra được (separable phrasal verbs) là các ngữ động từ cho phép tân ngữ chen vào giữa
               We put out the fire
               We put the fire out
               We put it out (Không được nói we put out it)
  • Ngữ động từ không tách ra được (inseparable phrasal verbs) là các ngữ động từ không cho phép tân ngữ chen vào giữa, dù tân ngữ là danh từ hoặc đại từ.
We should go over the whole project
We should go over it
  • Ngoài ra, ta còn gặp ngữ động từ không có tân ngữ (instransitive phrasal verbs)
When we got to the airport, the plane had taken off
His grandfather passed away last year.
  • Ngữ động từ gồm có 3 từ (three- word phrasal verbs) là các ngữ động từ không tách ra được.
We’ve put up with our noisy neighbours for years.
The machine stopped working because it ran out of fuel.

Các giới từ và trạng từ thông dụng trong ngữ động từ.
        Các ngữ động từ thường có nghĩa khác với nghĩa của các thành phần tạo nên chúng. Tuy nhiê, trong một số trường hợp chúng ta có thể dễ dàng đoán được nghĩa của ngữ động từ qua việc nắm vững nghĩa của các giới từ và trạng từ thông dụng.

down (xuống đất):
        cut down a tree, pull down a building, knock him down
down (lên giấy):
        write down the number, copy down the address, note down a lecture
down (giảm bớt)
        turn down the volume, slow down, (a fire) that lied down
down (ngừng hoạt động hoàn toàn)
        break down, close down
off (rời khỏi, lìa khỏi)
        set off a journey, a plane that took off, a book cover that came off, see a friend off at the airport, sells goods off cheaply
off (làm gián đoạn)
        turn off/ switch off the television, cut off the electricity, ring off
on (mặc, mang vào)
        have a shirt on, put the shoes on, try a coat on
on (tiếp tục)
        keep on doing something, work on late, hang on/ hold on
on (kết nối)
        turn on/ switch on the light, leave the radio on
out (biến mất)
        put out a fire, blow out a candle, wipe out the dirt, cross out a word
out (hoàn toàn, đến hết)
        clean out the table, fill out a form, work out the answer
out (phân phát)
        give out/ hand out copies, share out the food between them
out (lớn giọng)
        read out the names, shout out, cry out, speak out
out (rõ ràng)
        make out the meanings, point out a mistake, pick out the best
over (từ đầu đến cuối)
        read over/ check over something, think over/ talk over a problem, go over a report
up (làm gia tăng)
        turn off the volume, blow up/ pump up a tyre, step up production
up (hoàn toàn, hết sạch)
        eat/ drink it up, use up something, clear up/ tidy up the mess, pack up a suitcase, cut up into pieces, lock up before leaving, sum up a situation.

Một số ngữ động từ thường gặp
  • Ngũa động từ tách ra được:
Back up (ủng hộ)
        If you don’t believe me, ask Bill. He’ll back me up
Blow up (làm nổ tung)
        They blew up the bridge
Bring about (làm xảy ra, dẫn đến, gây ra)
        What brought about the change in his attitude?
Bring down (hạ xuống, làm tụt xuống)
        We must bring the price of the product down if we are going to be competitive
Bring up (đưa ra một vấn đề)
        My friend brought up that matter again
Bring up (nuôi dạy)
        He was born and brought up in a good environment
Call off  (hoãn lại, ngưng lại, bỏ đi)
        They called off the meeting
Carry on (tiếp tục)
        He carried on the task while others had left
Cheer up (làm cho ai phấn khởi, vui vẻ lên)
        Mary’s unhappy- we should do something to cheer her up
Clear up (dọn dẹp, giải quyết)
        She cleaned up the spare room
Cut down (giảm bớt, cắt bớt)
        He cut down the numbet of employees in his company
Do over (làm lại từ đầu)
        I’m sorry but your writing is not good enough. You’ll have to do it over.
Draw up (lập kế hoạch)
        The residents of the building drew up a plan to catch the thief
Fill in/ out (điền vào tờ đơn, tờ khai)
        He filled out the job application form
Filll up (đổ, lấp đầy)
        She filled up the jug with the water
Find out (phát hiện ra)
        She found out the truth
Figure out (suy nghĩ để tìm ra)
        Can you figure out how to do it?
Give away (cho, phân phát)
        He gave away his clothes to the poor
Give back (hoàn lại, trả lại)
        He hasn’t given bacjk my book yet.
Give up (từ bỏ, bỏ cuộc)
        You should always keep trying. Don’t give up!
Hand in (nộp bài vở..)
        The students handed in their essays.
Hand out (phân phát)
        Peter, please hand these copies out to the class.
Hang up (treo lên, cúp máy)
        We were talking when she suddenly hung up the phone
Hold up (làm đình trệ, trì hoãn)
        I was held up in the traffic for nearly 2 hours.
Lay off (cho ai nghỉ việc)
        His company has laid off another 50 people this week.
Leave out (bỏ đi)
        He left out all the prepositions
Let down (làm thất vọng)
        He really let me down by not finishing the assignment
Look over (xem xét, kiểm tra)
        I am going to look the house over next week
Look up (tìm kiếm trong tài liệu tra cứu)
        She had to look up too many words in the dictionary
Make up (bịa, dựng chuyện)
        He made up a story about how he got robbed on the way to work.
Make out (hiểu)
        He was so far away, we really couldn’t make out what he was saying.
Pass on (truyền, chuyển tiếp)
        He passed the news on to the president
Pick out (chọn ra)
        She picked out some very nice clothes
Pick up (đón ai bằng xe)
        He had to leave early to pick up hí daughter.
Point out (chỉ ra)
         She pointed out the mistakes.
Put away (cất đi chỗ khác)
        They put away the books
Put off (hoãn lại)
        He asked me to put off the meeting until tomorrow
Put on (mặc quần áo)
        He put on his hat and left
Put out (dập tắt)
        They arrived in time to put out the fire.
Set up (bắt đầu, thành lập, mở văn phòng, trường học…)
        They set up a new office in Vietnam
Take down (ghi chép)
        Take down the instructions
Take off (cởi bỏ quần áo)
        He took off hia hat when he saw her
Take over (tiếp quản, tiếp tục)
        CBS Records was taken over by Sony
Throw away (ném đi, vứt đi)
        Don’t throw the book away.
Try on (mặc thử quần áo)
        She tried on five blouses in the shop
Try out (kiểm tra cái gì qua việc sử dụng nó)
        I tried out the car before I bought it
Turn down (giảm âm lượng)
        Could you turn down the radio, please?
Turn down (khước từ)
        His application was turned down
Turn into (biến thành, trở thành)
        The prince was turned into a frog by the witch
Turn off (khóa, tắt…)
        We turned off the television
Turn on (khởi động, bật lên)
        Would you mind turning on the cassette player?
Use up (dùng hết)
        They have used up all the money.
 
  • Ngữ động từ không tách ra được:

Break in/ into (đột nhập)
        Someone broke into my apartment last night and stole the money.
Call on (thăm viếng)
        He called on his friend
Call for (đòi hỏi)
        This plan called for a lot of effort
Care for sb (chăm sóc)
        He cared for his sick father for three years
Come across (gặp một cách tình cờ)
        I came across a photo of my grandmother yesterday when I was cleaning the house.
Count on (tin cậy vào, dựa vào)
        I counted on him to show me what to do.
Get over (vượt qua)
        It took me two weeks to get over the flu
Go over (xem lại, đọc lại)
        The students went over the material before the exam
Hear from (nhận được tin của ai)
        Have you heard from him lately?
Look after (chăm sóc, trông nom)
        Who is looking after your dog?
Look for (tìm kiếm)
        He’s looking for his keys
Look into (điều tra)
        The police are looking into the murder
Run across (tìn cờ gặp ai hoặc tìm thấy cái gì)
        I ran across my old roommate at the college reunion.
Run into (tình cờ gặp ai)
        I ran into my old friend on the way to school
stand for (thay cho, đại diện cho)

        VIP stands for “very important person”
Take after (giống ai)
        He takes after his mother
 
  • Ngữ động từ không có tân ngữ

Break down (hỏng máy)
        The car has broken down.
Break out (nổ ra, bùng nổ)
        The war broke out when the talks failed.
Catch on (hiểu)
        He catches on very quickly. You never have to explain twice.
Come back (quay lại, trở lại)
        I will never come back to this place
Come in (đi vào)
        They came in through the back door
Come to (tỉnh lại)
        He was hit on the head very hard, but after several minutes, he started to come to again
Come over (ghé thăm nhà ai)
        The children promised to come over, but they never do.
Come up (nêu lên một vấn đề)
        That issue never came up during the meeting.
Die down (lắng xuống)
        The dispuse had lied down and he was able to lead a normal life again.
Dress up (mặc diện)
        We should dress up to go to the theater.
Drop by (tạt vào, nhân tiện đi qua ghé vào thăm)
        If you come to our town, please drop by to see us
Eat out (ăn tối ở nhà hàng)
        Do you feel like eating out tonight?
Get on (tiến bộ)
        How are you getting on in your new job?
Get up (ngủ dậy)
        He got up early to go to the airport.
Go back (trở về, về, trở lại)
        I’ll never go back to that place
Go off (nổ, reo lên)
        The gun wen off when he was cleaning it
Go off (đèn, điện … tắt)
        Suddenly the lights went off.
Go on (tiếp tục)
        I though he would stop, but he just went on
Go on (xảy ra, diễn ra)
        What’s going on here?
Go up (tăng, tăng lên)
        The price of gas went up by 5 %
Grow up (trưởng thành)
        This is the town where I grew up
Hold on (giữ máy điện thoại không cắt)
        Could you hold on a minute, please?
Keep on (tiếp tục)
        The kept on looking for the dog
Pass out (mê đi, bất tỉnh)
        She passed out when she heard the news.
Pull up (dừng lại, làm dừng lại)
        A black car has just pulled up outside your front door
Set off (bắt đầu lên đường)
        We set off very early
Show off (khoe khoang)
        He’s always showing off about how much money he has got.
Show up (xuất hiện)
        He didn’t show up last night
Speak up (nói to hơn)
        Can you speak up a little? I can’t hear you?
Take off (máy bay cất cánh)
        The plane is taking off
Turn up (đến nơi, xuất hiện)
        She invited a lot of people to her party, but only a few turned up.
 
  • Ngữ động từ gồm có 3 từ:

Break in on (cắt ngang, làm gián đoạn)
        He broke in on our conversation
Catch up with (đuổi kịp)
        She left an hour ago. I’ll never catch up with her now.
Come in for (hứng chịu sự phê bình, công kích)
        He has come in for a lot of criticism lately
Come up with (tìm ra lời giải, ý tưởng….)
        He came up with a very good idea
Cut down on (giảm bớt)
        He’s trying to cut down on cigarettes
Do away with (loại bỏ)
        Most students want to do away with the present curriculum
Drop out of (bỏ học nửa chừng)
        A lot of students dropped out of school last yerar.
Face up to (chấp nhận và đối mặt với một điều kiện không dễ chịu)
        You must face up to the fact that you can’t do the job.
Get away with (thoát khỏi sự trừng phạt)
        This is the third time you have been late this week. You’re not going to away with it again.
Get down to (bắt đầu công việc một cách nghiêm túc)
        It’s time to get down to business
Get on/ along with (hòa đồng với, có quan hệ thân hữu)
        Do you get on with your neighbours?
Get through with (hoàn thành, hoàn tất)
        When will you ever get through with that project?
Keep up with (theo kịp)
        Salaries are not keeping up with inflation.
Look forward to (mong chờ)
        I look forward to the holiday.
Look down on (khinh thường)
        He looks down on his neighbours
Look out for (cẩn thận, coi chừng)
        Slow down. Look out for children crossing.
Look up to (ngưỡng mộ, kính trọng)
        He really looks up to his older brother.
Make up for (bù đắp)
        I got up late; I’ve spent all day making up for lost time.
Put up with (chịu đựng)
        I can’t put up with him any more. He’s so rude
Run out of (cạn, hết)
        The car has run out of petrol

THÀNH NGỮ (Idioms)

Một số thành ngữ thông dụng:

Session 1: (dùng cho Exercise 1- Phần thành ngữ)
  • take someone/ something for granted: cho là điều dĩ nhiên
  • take something into account/ consideration: tính đến cái gì, kể đến cái gì
  • take it easy: không làm việc quá căng thẳng
  • keep an eye on someone/ something: để mắt đến
  • lose touch with someone: mất liên lạc
  • pay attention to someone/something: chú ý đến
  • catch sight of someone/ something: nhìn thấy (trong chốc lát)
  • at someone’s disposal: có sẵn cho ai sử dụng theo ý muốn
  • splitting headache: nhức đầu như búa bổ
  • beat about the bush: nói vòng vo tam quốc
  • off the beg: (quần áo) may sẵn
  • on the house: không phải trả tiền
  • on the shelf: (đồ vật) xếp xó, bỏ đi, không còn có ích nữa
  • hit the roof: giận dữ
  • make someone’s blood boil: làm cho ai giận điên lên
  • bring down the house: làm cho cả rạo hát vỗ tay nhiệt liệt
  • pay throight the nose: trả giá mắc
  • by the skin of one’s teeth: sát sao
  • pull someone’s leg: true chọc ai
Session 2: (dùng cho Exercise 2- Phần thành ngữ)
  • get butterflies in one’s stomach: cảm thấy bồn chồn
  • sell like hot cakes: bán đắt như tôm tươi
  • shooting star: sao băng
  • sow one’s wild oats: trải qua thời kì đeo đuổi những thú vị bừa bãi
  • close shaves: những lần thoát hiểm trong gang tấc
  • have a bee in one’s bonnet about something: hay chú trọng, đặt nặng vấn đề gì
  • blow one’s own trumpet: huênh hoang
  • fight tooth and nail: chiến đấu ác liệt, đánh nhau ác liệt
  • head over heels: lăn lông lốc, hoàn toàn
  • smell a rat: nghi ngờ có âm mưu, nghi ngờ có sự dối trá
  • know something like the back of one’s hand: biết rõ điều gì
  • the last straw: giọt nước tràn ly
  • fly off the handle: mất bình tĩnh, thình lình nổi nóng
Session 3: (dùng cho Exercise 3- Phần thành ngữ)
  • drop someone a line: viết thư cho ai
  • have/ get cold feet: sợ hãi
  • beside the point: không thích hợp
  • for the time being: trong lúc này
  • off the record: không được ghi, không chính thức
  • piece of cake: việc dễ làm
  • chip off the old block: người có tính cách giống bố
  • one’s cup of tea: người hoặc vật mình ưa thích
  • get something on one’s mind: đang bận tâm về điều gì
  • down at heel: tàn tạ xơ xác
  • make money hand over fist: vớ được lợi lộc béo bở
  • in/ out of practice: có/ không có thời gian luyện tập
  • burn the candle at botjh ends: làm việc hết sức, không biết giữ sức
  • play with fire: chơi với lửa
  • go to town (on something): làm cái gì rất hăng hái (nhất là bằng cách chi tiền)
  • have something on the tip of one’s tongue: sắp nhớ ra, sắp nói ra
Session 4: Dùng cho Exercise 4- Phần thành ngữ)
  • put one’s feet in it: làm phiền ai
  • kill two birds with one stone: một công đôi việc, nhất cử lưỡng tiện
  • hit the nail on the head: nói chính xác
  • put two and two together: cứ thế mà suy ra
  • keep one’s fingers crossed for someone: cầu mong điều tốt đẹp cho ai
  • it’s no use/ good crying over split milk: kêu ca cũng bằng thừa
  • by a hair’s breath: trong đường tơ kẽ tóc
  • have a narrow/ hairbreadth escape: suýt nữa thì bị tóm, may mà thoát được hình phạt
  • a sight for sore eyes: cảnh tượng dễ chịu
  • keep one’s chin up: giữ vững can đảm
  • come out of one’s shell: trở nên dạn dĩ, cởi mở
  • catch someone on the top: đến một cách bất ngờ
  • on the spot: lập tức, tại chỗ
  • (like) water off a duck’s back: nước đổ đầu vịt (không có tác dụng đối với ai)
  • Fight windmills: đánh nhau với kẻ địch tưởng tượng
  • Spitting image: có mặt giống như khuôn đúc
Session 5: (dùng cho Exercise 5- Phần thành ngữ)
  • money for old rope: cách làm ra tiền một cách dễ dàng
  • old wives’ tale: chuyện mê tín huyền hoặc
  • long shot: biện pháp xa vời, ít có cơ may thành công
  • fly in the ointment: mắc míu nhỏ
  • crying shame: sự xấu hổ
  • wet blanket: người làm cho tập thể cụt hứng (ví bản thân ũ rũ buồn rầu)
  • in every nook and cranny: trong mọi ngóc ngách
  • general dogsbody: người gánh công việc cho người khác
  • a soft spot for someone/ something: thích ai/ cái gì
  • a last/ final fling: trò đùa, ăn chơi cuối cùng

Một số thành ngữ thông dụng về so sánh:
Session 6: (dùng cho Exercise 6- Phần thành ngữ)
  • as strong as a horse/ an ox: khỏe như voi
  • as thin as a rake: gầy đét
  • as tough as old boots (nhất là về thịt): rất dai, khó nhai
  • as white as a sheet: trắng bệch, xanh như tàu lá (do sợ hãi, choáng váng)
  • as cool as a cucumber: bình tĩnh, không hề nao núng
  • as deaf as a post: điếc đặc
  • as different as chalk and/ from cheese: hoàn toàn khác nhau
  • fit as a fiddle: khỏe như vâm, rất sung sức
  • like a lamp: hiền lành
  • as good as gold: có đạo đức rất tốt, rất có giáo dục
Session 7: (dùng cho Exercise 7- Phần thành ngữ)
  • as light as air/ a feather: rất nhẹ
  • as old as the hills: rất cũ, cổ xưa
  • as plain as the nose on one’s face: rõ như ban ngày
  • as flat as a pancake: đét như cá mắm
  • with knobs on (dùng để đáp lại một câu lăng mạ hoặc sự đồng ý dứt khoát): chẳng kém gì, được đấy
  • as pleased as Punch: rất hài long
  • as keen as mustard: hết sức hăng hái hoặc nhiệt tình
  • as clear as a bell: rành rọt, dễ nghe
  • as fresh as a daisy: tươi như hoa
  • as hard as nails: cứng rắn, tàn nhẫn
  • as large as life: được thấy xuất hiện bằng xương bằng thịt (không thể nhầm lẫn)
  • as stubborn as a mule: cứng đầu cứng cổ, ương bướng
Session 8: (dùng cho Exercise 8- Phần thành ngữ)
  • as sober as a judge: tỉnh táo không hề say rượu
  • (as) steady as a rock: vững như bàn thạch
  • As thick as thieves: rất ăn ý với nhau, rất thân
  • As red as a beetroot: đỏ như gấc
  • To sleep like a log: ngủ say như chết
  • To hold on like grim death: bám chặt không rời
  • To eat/ work like a horse: ăn/ làm khỏe
  • To smoke like a chimmey: hút thuốc lá cả ngày
  • To fit like a glove: vừa khít
  • To spread like wildfire: (tin đồn) lan rất nhanh
  • Like a house on fire: rất nhanh, mạnh mẽ
  • As peas in a pod: giống nhau như hai giọt nước
  • Like a clockwork: dều đặn như một cái máy

BÀI TẬP VỀ PHƯƠNG THỨC CẤU TẠO TỪ

Exercise 1: Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
  1. Opera singer Maria Callas was known for her ________, powerful voice.
        A. intensity                         B. intensify                         C. intense                            D. intensely
2. Many readers will disagree with the selection and the assessments as any guide will invevitably be ______
        A. subject                          B. subjected                       C. subjective                      D. Subjectivism
3. Politicians___________blame the media if they don’t win the election. They’re so predictable.
        A variable                           B. variety                            C. various                           D. invariably
4. This is very _______! Can’t you practise your violin somewhere else?
        A. convenient                    B. conveniently  C. Inconvenient D. convenience
5. I would like to show you my lastest ________, which I have called “Boasts on a Lake”
        A. creativity                       B. creator                            C. create                              D. creation
6. During the festival _______ were hanging from every tree.
        A. decorator                       B. decorations                    C. decorative                     D. decorativeness
7. He offered to give me a ________ of how the machine worked.
        A. demonstrator B. demonstration               C. demonstrate   D. demonstrative
8. Those countries are_______ on other countries for most of their food.
        A. dependent                      B. independence               C. dependable    D. dependability
9. He acted in an extremely ________ manner, which made him very unpopular
        A. dictation                        B. dictatorial                      C. dictate                            D. dictatorship
10. He hoped the _______ agency would find him a job.
        A. employee                       B. unemployed  C. employer                       D. employment

Exercise 2: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
  1. I’m afraid they weren’t very _______ about your idea of going out this evening.
        A. enthusiastically            B. enthusiastic    C. enthusiasm                    D. enthusiast
  1. The student did not do well in the class; he had a problem with ________
        A. absent                             B. absently                         C. absence                          D. absenteeism
  1. The information in that article is ________ inaccurate.
        A. historian                        B. historial                          C. history                            D. historically
  1. Some people show ______ attitude toward the misery of others, totally untouched by their suffering.
        A. passionate                     B. dispassionate                C. passion                           D. passionately
  1. The charity organization received a large gift from the ________.
        A. donation                        B. donor                              C. donate                            D. donated
  1. The sick child must stay away from others because he has a _________disease.
        A.communicate  B. communicable              C. communicator               D. communication
  1. The technician applying for the position was asked to supply a _______ list of her former places of employment.
        A. chronological B. chronologically           C. chronologist D. chronology
  1. I do not understand what these results ______.
        A. significant                     B. sgnify                             C. significance                   D. significantly
  1. They said my illness was ________. Don’t they realize I’m in a lot of pain?
        A. immagianry    B. imagination    C. imagine                          D. imaginative
  1. She was much less _______student than her sister.
        A. industrial                       B. industrious                    C. industrialist    D. industrialized

Exercise 3: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
  1. It was very _______of you to notice that.
        A. observant                       B. observatory    C. observation    D. observe
  1. There is a ________ of carrots because of the bad weather.
        A. shortly                            B. shorten                           C. shortage                        D. short
  1. The factory manager was so _________ that the employees left in disgust
        A. dictator                          B. dictatorial                      C. dictatorship    D. dictate
  1. Their failure to act is _______ of their lack of interest
        A. indicate                          B. indicator                        C. indication                      D. indicative
  1. The company was _______ and made a tremendous amount of money.
        A. progress                         B. progressive     C. progression     D. progressively
  1. The _____ account given by the witness convinced the jury of the plaintiff’s right to a settlement.
        A. description                    B. desciribing                     C. desciptive                      D. describe
  1. We drove at five miles an hour because the _______ was so poor.
        A. visible                            B. visual                              C. view                 D. visibility
  1. They handled the merchandise _______ for the manufacturer.
        A. exclude                          B. exclusion                       C. exclusive                       D. exclusively
  1. The job was done _______, and we were extremely displeased.
        A. incompetence               B. incompetency               C. competence   D. incompetently
  1. “Since the goal seems ________, I believe we should begin at once,” Tom argued.
        A. achievements B. achieve                           C. achievable                     D. achieving

Exercise 4: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
 
  1. She seemed always to speak ________, especially at our club meeting.
        A. controversy                   B. controversial C. Controversially             D. controvert
  1. When the automobile salesman described the car so _______, we became very uneasy about buying it.
        A. ambiguity                      B. ambiguousness            C. ambiguous                     D. ambiguously
  1. He is under 25, hard- working and ________.
        A. energy                            B. energize                         C. energizing                      D. energetic.
  1. Phil was sentenced to three years’ ______ for his part in the robbery.
        A. prisoner                         B. imprison                         C. imprisonment D. prison
  1. Julia is being kept in an isolation ward because she is highly ________.
        A. infectious                      B. infection                        C. infected                          D. infecting
  1. The Pikes live in a four- bedroomed bungalow in a very nice ________ area.
        A. residing                          B. resident                          C. residence                       D. residential
7. Don’t put David in charge of arranging the theatre trip; he’s too _________.
        A. organized                       B. disorganized   C. unorganized   D. inorganized.
8. The rhinoceros, whose numbers have dropped alarmingly recently, has been declared a/an ______ species.
        A. danger                            B. endanger                        C. endangered     D. dangerous.
9. David’s compositions are full of mistakes but they are very ______.
        A. imaginative    B. imaginary                       C. imagination                   D. imaginable
10. Sicentists always _______ their idea before writing up the results of their research.
        A. analyse                           B. analysis                          C. analyses                         D. analyst

Exercise 5: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
 
  1. Our professor _______ said we should turn in the assignment on Friday.
        A. specific                          B. soecifically     C. specifying                      D. specifyingly
  1. Students can gain _______ benefits form learning to work together.
        A. considerate     B. considering     C. consideration                D. considerable
  1. The ______ dressed woman in the advertisement has a posed smile on her face.
        A. stylish                            B. stylishly                         C. stylistic                          D. stylistically
  1. Most people can ______ clearly between a real and stimulated smile.
        A. differ                              B. different                         C. difference                      D. differentiate
5.  Many citizens say they are _______ of the political policies of the candidates in a local election.
        A. ignoring                         B. ignorant                         C. ignorantly                      D. ingnorance
6. Although the professor gave ________ directions for the research paper, I was still confused.
        A. define                             B. definite                           C. definitely                       D. definition
  1. I am currently researching the reasons why birds _____ in water.
        A. migrate                           B. migrating                        C. migrant                           D. migration
  1. During the Industrial Revoilution, there was a complete _______ of society in urban areas.
        A. transforming B. transformer     C. transformation              D. transformable
  1. It’s a very depressed area and almost 20 % of young adults are _______.
        A. employed                       B. unemployed   C. employment   D. unemployment
  1. I don’t know why it caused so much ________
        A. embarrass                      B. embarrassed   C. embarrassing D. embarrassment

BÀI TẬP CHỌN TỪ - SỰ KẾT HỢP TỪ:

Exercise 1: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
  1. “How was your exam?” “A couple of questions were tricky, but on the _____ it was pretty easy.”
        A. spot                  B.general                           C. hand                 D. whole
  1. If you practice regularly, you can learn thia language skill in short _______ of a time.
        A. period                             B. aspect                             C. arrangement   D. activity
  1. Students can _______ a lot of information just by taking an active part in class.
        A. concern                          B. install                             C. appear                            D. memorize
  1. A few years ago, a fire _____ much of an overcrowed part of the city.
        A. battled                            B. devastated                     C. mopped                          D. developed
5. I have learned a lot about the value of labour form my _______ at home.
        A. credit                              B. ebergy                            C. chores                             D. pot plants
6. Although he tried to hide it, it was ______that Peter didn’t like his birthday present.
        A. foolish                            B. basic                              C. obvious                          D. vigorous
7. Environemental groups try to stop farmers from using harmful ________ on their crops.
        A. economy                        B. agriculate                       C. investments    D. chemicals
8. If you ______ too much on study, you will get tired and stressed.
        A. concentrate    B. develop                          C. organize                         D. complain
9. Good heath and methods of study are very necessary, or _______ for success in college.
        A. avaible                           B. dependable                    C. essential                         D. efficicient
10. In order to _______ their goals in college, students need to invest the maximum amount f time, money, and energy in their studies.
        A. manage                           B. catch                               C. establish                         D. achieve

Exercise 2: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
 
  1. Parents have great hopes of great ______ when they send their children to school.
        A. wishes                            B. obligations                     C. ecpectations   D. plans
  1. No one ever takes any notices of what I say. They never give ______ to what I say.
        A. reply                               B. opinion                           C. attention                         D. support.
3. She has changed so much that I didn’t _______ her right away.
        A. admit                              B. recognize                       C. know                               D. believe
4. After graduation, she found _______ with a local finance company.
        A. career                             B. workplace                      C. service                            D. employment
5. Educatnion in Britain has improved since the government started a programme of educational _______
        A. reform                            B. resources                       C. experience                     D. system
6. The group leader wanted that everyone worked together; she asked for everyone’s _______.
        A. combination   B. responsibility C. competion                      D. copperation
7. With hard work and study, you can ______ the goals you set for yourself.
        A. establish                        B. succeed                         C. achieve                           D. increase
8. David never wastes in his time; he tries to improve himself at every _______.
        A. technique                       B. opportunity   C. consideration                D. operation
9. All the students in the school are free to ______ any youth club they wish.
        A. perform                          B. become                           C. join                                 D. participate
10. His ________, has always been to become a movie director. He wants very much to achieve it.
        A. direction                        B. ambition                         C. business                         D. study

Exercise 3: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
  1. All the negative violence on television has had a negative _______ on children.
        A. damage                           B. programme     C. process                           D. effect
  1. My mother ______ for an anvironmental group. She helps raise money to protect wildlife
        A. indentifies                     B. encourages                    C. shares                             D. volunteers
  1. Students can _______ a lot of information just by attending claas and taking good notes of the lectures.
        A. absorb                            B. provide                           C. transmit                          D. read
  1. Some people _______ that you can learn more by travelling to a place than by reading about it. They say firmly that it is true.
        A. require                           B. encourage                      C. insist                               D. offer
  1. Electric cars are better for the environment. ________, they can save money con gas.
        A. In brief                           B. In conclusion C. In constrast     D. In addition
  1. Overpopulation tends ro create conditions which may result in ____ of food in developing countries
        A. supplies                         B. surpluses                        C. shortages                        D.failures
  1. Because of the intensive farming, it’s now hard to find certain wild birds in the region. Actually, the have become _______ birds.
        A. unknown                        B. fightened                        C. hungry                            D. rare
  1. While some areas are suffering from _______, others are experiencing heavy rains and floods.
        A. the weather                    B. the climate                     C. drought                           D. problems
  1. It will certainly enhances your ________ of reading when you are aware of very slight differences in the writer’s expression.
        A. condition                       B. recommendation           C. material                          D. enjoyment
  1. A nurse must be ________ to the patients’ needs; dhe must understand what they need, and be helpful and kind to them.
        A. sensitive                        B. elegant                            C. aware                              D. likeable

Exercise 4: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. The area has an _________ of wildlife; there are lots of animals, birds, fish, and insects living there.
        A. abundance                     B. impression                     C. entertainment                D. organization
2. You should read this novel. It has been ________ recommended by all the critics.
        A. deeply                            B. fully                 C. highly                             D. truly
3. True learning does not _______ in gathering facts from the teachers; it requires active assimilation of knowledge.
        A. achieve                          B. consist                           C. depend                           D. come
4. There should be a law against ________.
        A. violent family                              B. fight for households
        C. violent domestics                        D. domestic violence
5. The documentary was so _________ that many viewers cried.
        A. moody                            B. touching                         C. touchy                            D. moved
6. ________ of patience, noone can beat Martha.
        A. in front                           B. in spite                           C. In terms                          D. Regardless
7. The manager of the hotel always puts a _________ on the service quality.
        A. pressure                         B. great stress                     C. stressed                          D. stressful
8. Human carlessness has been _______damaging marine life.
        A. warned against              B. said to                             C. prevented                       D. acused of
9. During the flood, many local people ran out of food and starved to ________
        A. dying                              B. die                                   C. death                               D. dead
10. The saying that “Problems don’t come _______,” means that may problems can happen at the same time.
        A. soon                 B. at once                            C. single                              D. singly

Exericse 5: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. In fairy tales, bad witches often try to cast a spell on the ________.
        A. innocent                         B. innovative                     C. innovation                     D. initative
2. The assistant manager is going to present a complete report on the ________situation of the company.
        A. funded                            B. finacial                           C. financing                        D. finance
3. The environmental impact of tourism can be shocking and upsetting, but many governments think it is _______.
        A. negative                         B. comprehensive             C. bad                                  D. acceptable
4. I the recent decades, greater cultural ________ has been encouraged by tourism.
        A. contract                          B. relation                           C. touch                              D. details
5. The majority of people agree that modern drugs are the most effective way to cure a (n)________.
        A. treatment                       B. symptom                        C. illness                             D. sicken
6. The government should take _______ to reduce the current high unemployment rate.
        A. solutions                        B. charge                             C. measures                        D. steps
7. Janet has to travel a lot in her new job. She is on the _______ all the time.
        A. field                 B. mood                              C. way                                 D. go
8. Many companies now advertise their new products by distributing free ______ in public places.
        A. deals                               B. exmaples                        C. instances                        D. samples
9. While there has been a significant _____ in the sales figures, there has been no corresponding profit growth because of increased production cosrs.
        A. addition                         B. form                 C. boost                D. encouragement
10. There can be no doubt that recent statements ________ the company’s true financial position were misleading
        A. referring                         B. dealing                           C. concerning                     D. respecting

Exercise 6: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. Before choosing a job, you should take into consideration several_______ including the supply and demand for professionals in any particular field.
        A. turns                               B. factors                            C. ramarks                          D. sides
2. The Business Advisory Council has been specially designed for those in ________ of advice about setting up new businesses.
        A. absence                          B. duty                 C. want                 D. need
3. The city has ________ of young consumers who are sensitve to trends, and can, therefore, help industries predict the potential risks and success of products.
        A. a high rate                      B. a high proportion          C. a high tendency            D. a great level
4. Don’t ________ to conclusions, we don’t yet know all the relevant facts.
        A. hurry                              B. jump                C. rush                  D. run
5. I wonder if you could _______ me a small favour, Tom?
        A. bring                B. make                               C. give                  D. do
6. Sicientists warn that many of the world’s great cities are _______ flooding.
        A. being                              B. at risk                             C. in danger of    D. endangered
7. The boy’s strange behavior aroused the ______ of the shop assistant.
        A. thought                           B. consideration                C. exectations                    D. suspicions
8. The young should _____themselves in social activities.
        A. determine                      B. serve                               C. involve                           D. promote.
9. I know from ________that everything will be all right.
        A. conscience                    B. experience                     C. wisdom                           D. care
10. Your second essay ______improvement on the first one.
        A. showed                           B. made                               C. cast                                 D. presented

Exercise 7: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. The Women’s World Cup is _______ in popularity.
        A. competing                      B. establishing    C. advancing                      D. growing
2. Our class team has won four ______ football matches.
        A. successful                      B.unsuccessful  C. success                           D. successive
3. We interviewed a number of candidates buit none of them _______ us.
        A. enlivened                       B. encouraged     C. delighted                        D. mpressed.
4. ___________ to British univerities depends on examnation results.
        A. Admission                     B. Admittance                    C. Permission                     D. Permit
5. I prefer _______jobs because I don’t like keep on moving and changing all the time.
        A. demanding                     B. challenging     C. tough                              D. secure
6. The investment has had _______ on the development of our project.
        A. results                            B. progress                         C. interruptions D. effects
7. In China, there are still a lot of ____ families sharing the same house.
        A. extent                             B. extension                       C. extended                        D. extensive
8. The deadline is coming, and we still have a lot of _______ problems.
        A. unsolving                       B. dissolved                       C. insolved                         D. solving
9. He recievec a medal in _________ for his bravery.
        A. turns                               B. response                         C. favour                             D. reward
10. He left the country _______ arrest of he retured.
        A. in fear that                     B. with fear of     C. under threat of              D. with threat of

Exercise 8: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. Governments have ______ laws to protect wildlife from commercial trade and overhunting.
        A. practiced                        B. acted                               C. enacted                           D. observed
2. He was chosen for the post because of his keenness and ____ of responsibility.
        A. sense                              B. meaning                         C. from                 D. way
3. My brother rarely ________ responsibilities in the family, which makes my father really angry.
        A. gets                                 B. takes                               C. receives                          D. puts on
4. My mothet always _____ that we leave home for school with breakfast.
        A. ensures herself             B. checks again   C. takes certain   D. makes sure
5. The shop assistant is ready to ______ me a helping hand. She was very nice.
        A. offer                               B. take                  C.get                                    D. lend
6. Many people do not realize that they are causing disasters _______ themselves.
        A. to                                     B. for                                   C. with                  D. about
7. Forests all over the world are being _____ into deserts.
        A. switched                        B. turned                             C. sent                  D. transferred
8. Many countries have built _____ to carry water to desert areas.
        A. rivers                              B. channels                         C. canals                             D. lakes
9. People living in that area are ______ the threat _______ lead poisoning.
        A. in- on                              B. with- to                           C. under- of                        D. on- for
10. Maps are made with the help of _____ photography.
        A. air                                   B.aeronautics                     C. acrial                              D. areoplane

Exercise 9: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. The dunes in the Simpsion Desert have gently _____ western faces and _______ eastern faces.
        A. sloping – steep              B. downward – upward    C. shallow- deep                D. low- high
2. The great stretches of sandy desert almost ________ the centre of Australia.
        A. round                              B. circle                              C. hold                 D. keep
3. Spinifex grows on the slopes of the dunes, which are up to 20 metres _____.
        A. in high                            B. of height                         C. high                  D. tall
4. Hummock grasses grow in ______ sand on the crest, the top of the slope.
        A. loose                               B. lost                                  C. lose                  D. loosened.
5. It was a vey nice apartment, ________ I decided to rent it right away
        A. if                                     B. because                          C. so                                    D. but
6. A newborn baby can neither walk nor crawl. A newborn antelope, _______can run with minutes of birth.
        A. however                         B.so                                     C. otherwise                       D. eventhough
7. Endangered animals should be well protected in their natural _____.
        A. position                          B. condition                       C. habitat                            D. status
8. The government has _________ different measures to protect the wildlife
        A. made                               B. listed                               C. done                 D. taken
9. One of the conservation efforts is the development of wildlife ______.
        A. conserves                      B. reserves                          C. reservoirs                       D. reverses
10. Commercial exploration has driven many species to the ________ of extinction.
        A. verge                              B. bank                 C. limit                 D. edge

Exercise 10: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. The biggest company in our local area is ______ the verge of bankruptcy
        A. in                                     B. on                                    C. at                                     D. to
2. The Congress has ____ laws to protect wildlife from commercial trade and overhunting.
        A. impled                            B. carried                            C. acted                D. passed
3. The book is so interesting that I can hardly _______ it_____.
        A, get- down                       B. pick- up                          C. put- down                      D. not put- down
4. Books are a wonderful _________ of knowledge.
        A. source                            B. resource                         C. flow                 D. provision
5. She had just enough time to _______ the report before the meeting
        A. turn around                   B. dip into                           C. get through                    D. go into
6. The book______ quite well during the first few months.
        A. had been solved           B. was sold                         C. sold                  D. sells
7. If a water polo game is tied, there are two _____periods of three minutes each.
        A. overdue                          B. overlong                         C. overwork                       D. overtime
8. The player was ejected after committing five personal _____.
        A. mistakes                         B. faults                              C. fouls                               D. errors
9. Sports competitions are held to ______ cooperation and solidarity among countries.
        A. grow                               B. upgrade                          C. spring up                        D.promote
10. We have made careful preparations to welcome the ______ from 40 countries.
        A. acquaintances               B. attendants                      C. delegates                        D. hosts

Exercise 11: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. The footballers often sing the national _______ at the beginning of a match.
        A. version                           B. lyrics                              C. anthem                           D. composition
2. The 22nd Southest Asisan Games were the first big sports event Vietnam ____.
        A. owned                            B. hosted                             C. presented                       D. led
3. _______ swimming involves the players who perform beautiful maneuvers.to music underwater.
        A. Athletic                          B. Synchronized                C. Aquatic                          D. Artistic
4. Our basketball team successfully _______ the championship.
        A. protected                       B. held                  C. assured                           D. defened
5. When we reached the top of the hill, it was getting ______
        A. darkest                                          B. the darker and the darker
        C. darker and darker                        D. the darkest
6. Michael is obviously _______ anybody else here.
        A. more and more talented                            B. talented as
        C. more talented than                                     D. the most talented among
7. _______ you give the anwer, _________
        A. The quicker – the better you can get marks.
        B. The more quickly- the better marks you can get
        C. More quickly- better marks you can get
        D. the quickest- the best marks you can get
8. As you get_______, your memory gets ________
        A. old- worse                     B. older- worse   C. oldest – worst                D. older- bad
9. I am having _________ my colleagues.
        A. responsibilities more than                        B. more than responsibilites
        C. more responsibilites than                          D. as much responsibilities as
10. Although John is _____ than us, he is _______ at work
        A. as young – less experienced
        B. younger- much more experienced
        C. not older- more much experienced
        D. oldet- least experienced

Exercise 12: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to inducate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. _______The Tet holidays come, ________the children feel
        A. The more near- the more exciting                          B. The nearer- the more excitng
        C. The nearesr – the more excited                D. Nearer- more excited
2. They solved the problems ________we had expected.
        A. more effective than                                    B. most effectively as
        C. most effectively as                                                    D. as effective as
3. Although I have _________my cousin, I felt _______.
        A. fewer money – happier                                            B. more money- more hapy
        C. much more than – less happy                   D. less money than- happier
4. The institute was _______ by a a famous scientists.
        A. put up                             B. set ut               C. erected                          D. founded
5. Women in developing countries have spent time looking for ______ and encouragement from the society
        A. realization                     B. modernization               C. development  D. recognition
6. The Red Cross is ______ to giving medical aid and other help to victims of disasters.
        A. aimed                             B. promoted                       C. dedicated                       D. designed
7. In 1864, twelve nations signed the first Geneva Convention, __________down rules for the treatment and protection of the wounded.
        A. laying                             B. lying                               C. lied                                  D. laid.
8. The Red Cross all over the world has carried out a lot of _________.
        A. jobs                                 B. works                              C. missions                         D. responsibilites.
9. The tsunami in 2004 ________ some countries and caused a lot of damage.
        A. reached                          B. beat                  C. defeated                         D. hit
10. The belief that a woman’s place is in the home is ______.
        A. seating- deep  B. deep- seating C. seated- deep   D. deep- seated

Exercise 13: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. The policeman lost his temper. He _________
        A. got nervous                   B. was in a bad mood                       C. lost his nerve D. was on bad humour
2. I decided to visit a fortune- teller. That’s what I _____ to do.
        A. made up                         B. made up my mind                        C. minded                           D. cared
3. You should go to your sentist for regular ____.
        A. check-ins                       B. check- outs                                   C. check- ups                     D. check- up
4. _______, Carlos is very punctual, but he was late tonight.
        A. For a rule                       B. Like a rule                                    C. As a rule                         D. For a rule of thump
5. Without written evidence, we don’t have a _________on.
        A. leg to stand     B. foot to stand                  C. leg to lean                      D. foot to lean
6. I was taking a quiet walk last night when, _______, there was a loud explosion.
        A. all in all                          B. all at once                                     C. suddenly at once          D. once at all
7. Everything could be done by _______.
        A. a nod and bow              B. a nod and wink                            C. a wink and a nod          D. a nod and a wink
8. These workers are at the _____ of the economic ________
        A. line- heap                      B. heap- bottom                 C. bottom- heap D. heap- line
9. Tickets are avaible on a first come, ______ basis.
        A. first got                          B. early served                  C. first served                    D. early got
10. “You should het gid of that old leather jacket.” I know, but I hate to ____ with it.
        A. part                                 B. leave                                             C. break                              D. cut

Exercise 14: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
1. You can’t get a soda from that machine. There’s a sign on it says that “__________”.
        A. Out of job                      B. Out of hand    C. Out of order    D. Out of mind
2. Don’t have much cash ______, but I can get some from an automatic teller machine.
        A. in hand                           B. on hand                          C. into hand                        D. inder hand
3. “I like that paiting you bought. Did it cost much?” “No, the artist sold it to me for _____”.
        A. close to nothing            B. next to anything            C. next to nothing              D. anything next
4. “What’s Peter’s cousin’s name?” “It’s on the tip of my ______, but I can’t quite remember”
        A. mouth                             B. lips                                  C. tongue                            D. memory
5. What a confusing story! I can’t make ________of it.
        A. sense                              B. meaning                         C. logic                 D. understanding
6. Women have struggled for the same social, economic, and political _______for them as for men.
        A. state                 B. status                              C. being                               D. welfare
7. Women now are more ____ in the public life than years ago.
        A.involved                         B. ensured                          C. felt                                  D. influenced
8. Every citizen can enjoy the same _______ to vote, to gain education and to work.
        A. authority                        B. right                 C. way                  D. chance
9. The local council _______campaigns against illiteracy.
        A. requires                          B. advocates                       C. admits                             D. affects
10. Widespread _______about women’s intellectual ability restricted their job opportunities.
        A. suspicion                       B. challenge                       C. doubt                              D. rumour

Bài tập THÀNH NGỮ (Idioms):

Exercise 1: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
1. I just took it _____ that he’d always be available.
        A. into consideration                       B. easy                 C. into account   D. for granted
2. I accidentally _____Mike when I was crossing a street downtown yesterday.
        A. kept an eye on                             B. lost touch with              C. paid attention to           D. caught sight of
3. I was glad when he said that his car was ___________.
        A. for my use                                    B. for me use                      C. at my use                        D. at my disposal.
4. I really must go and lie down for a while; I’ve got a ________ headache.
        A. cutting                                           B. splitting                          C. ringing                            D. cracking
5. Stop _____ about the bush, John! Just tell me exactly what the problem is.
        A. rushing                                          B. hiding                             C. beating                           D. moving
6. I usually buy my clothes______. It’s cheaper than going to a dress- maker.
        A. off the beg                                    B. on the house   C. in public                         D. on the shelf
7. My father _______when he found out that I’d damaged the car.
        A. hit the roof                                   B. saw pink elephants
        C. made my blood boil     D. brought the house down.
8. If you want a flat in the centre of the city you have to pay through the ________ for it.
        A. teeth                               B. back of your head.                      C. nose                 D. arm
9. I caught the last bus by the skin of my ___.
        A. mouth                             B. leg                                   C. neck D. teeth
10. It was a joke! I was pulling your ________.
        A. thumb                             B. hair                  C. toe                    D. leg

Exercise 2: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. I always get _______ in my stomach before visiting the dentist.
        A. worms                            B. butterflies                      C. crabs                               D. hedgehogs
2. Those smart phones are selling like_____. If you want one, you’d better buy one now before they’re all gone.
        A. shooting stars                B. fresh bread                    C. hot cakes                        D. wild oats
3. I haven’t had an accident yet but I’ve had a number of ______ shaves.
        A. narrow                            B. near                  C. close                               D. tiny
4. My father refused to eat meat that had been fired. He had _______ in his bonnet about it causing cancer.
        A. a bug                               B. a bee                               C. a bull                              D. an ant
5. I can’t stand Mr. Brian. He’s always blowing his own _______- telling everyone how good he is at everything.
        A. balloon                           B. breath                             C. mind                               D. trumpet
6. The escaped prisoner fought ______ before he was finally overpowered.
        A. head over heels            B. tooth and nail                C. heart and soul               D. foot and mouth.
7. I didn’t suspect anything at first, but when I noticed her going through the office drawers I began to smell______.
        A. a rat                 B. a pig                 C. a thief                             D. a culprit
8. Peter was born and brought up in Hastings and knows it like the _____.
        A. nose on his face            B. tip of the tongue           C. back of his hand           D. hair on his head
9. I was already fed up with the job, but when the boss walked into my office and told me he expected me to work overtime that was the ________. I quit.
        A. final curtain   B. last straw                        C. end of the line               D. last waltz
10. He has a quick temper and easily _______ off the handle.
        A. leaps                               B. goes                 C. runs                  D. flies

Exercise 3: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each od the following questions.

1. Before she left for Australia she promised her parents that she would drop them _______ at least once a month.
        A. a note                             B. a word                            C. the news                         D. a line
2. I was all set to take the job in Tokyo, but at the last minute I _____ an ddecied to stay in Britain.
        A. pulled my finger out                   B. got cold feet
        C. held my horses                                            D. called it a day.
3. “What I’ve got to say to you now is strictly ___ and most certainly not for publication. “ said the government official to the reporter.
        A. beside the point                           B. for the time being
        C. by the way                                    D. off the record.
4. I’ve never enjoyed going to the ballet or the opera; they’re not really my ______.
        A. piece of cake                 B. chip off the old block                C. biscuit             D. cup of tea
5. “What’s wrong with Tom today? He’s unusually quiet,” “He’s got something on his ______. I expect”.
        A. brain               B. mind                               C. thoughts                         D. brow
6. He was wearing very shabby, dirty clothes and looked very _______.
        A. easy- going     B. down to earth                C. out of shape    D. down at heel
7. Since he started his own business he has been making money hand over ________.
        A. fist                                  B. heel                  C. head                 D. palm
8. I can’t see us beating them at tennis this year- we’re so out of ______.
        A. step                  B. practice                          C. fitness                             D. breath
9. I’m not surprised that Tom is ill. He’s beeen _____ for a long time. It was bound to affect his health sooner or later.
        A. having his cake and eating it                    B. burning the candle at both ends
        C. playing with fire                                                        D. going to town
10. I just couldn’t remember her name even though it was on the ______ of my tongue.
        A. edge                 B. tip                     C. top                    D. front

Exercise 4: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. That’s exactly what I mean, Tom. You’ve _______!
        A. put your foot in it                                       B. killed two birds with one stone                              
        C. put two and two together                           D. hit the nail on the head
2. “I’m going for an interview for a job this afternoon.” “Good luck! I’ll keep my _____crossed for you”
        A. legs                  B. fingers                            C. arms                 D. hands
3. “If only I hadn’t lent him that money!” “Well, you did, so it’s no good crying over ________ milk.
        A. split                 B. wasted                            C. sour                  D. goat’s
4. The car swerved to avoid a cyclist and just missed hitting a passer- by by ______.
        A. a slight edge   B. a narrow escape            C. a close thing   D. a hair’s breath
5. Well, well, if it isn’t Kathy Lewis! You’re a sight for _______eyes!
        A. old                                  B. blue                  C. sore                  D. crocodile
6. You know times have been bad lately, Peter, but keep your _______up; things are bound to get better soon.
        A. chin                 B. head                 C. socks                              D. mind
7. He may be shy now, but he’ll soon come out of his ______ when he meets the right girl.
        A. shoe                 B. shell                 C. shed                 D. hole
8. I’am afraid you’ve caught me on the ______. I wasn’t expecting  you until this afternoon.
        A. stove                               B. grapevine                       C. spot                  D. hop
9. Nagging Susan to stop smoking has no effect on her. It’s like water off ________.
        A. a windmill                     B. a duck’s back                C. a dripping tap                D. an umbrella
10. Have you seen the new boss? She’s the _____image of Marilyn Monroe.
        A. live                                 B. true                                 C. spitting                           D. same

Exercise 5: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions:

1. Writng rhymes for birthday cards is really easy. It’s money for old ________.
        A. rags                  B. bread                              C. rope                                D. rubbish
2. Of course you won’t become more intelligent if you eat a lit of fish – that’s just an old _____tale.
        A. maids’                            B. ladies’                            C. mothers’                         D. wives’
3. I agree that this is a bit of a _____ shot, but we’re desperate- we have to do something to try to save the company.
        A. hot                                  B. long                  C. wild                  D. high
4. I like my new job, the only fly in the ______ is the fact that I have to work every other weekend.
        A. fat                                   B. porridge                        C. soup                 D. ointment
5. It’s a __________shame that so little is done nowadays to help the homeless in our large cities.
        A. sweeping                        B. crying                            C. dying                             D. pitying
6. My aunt is a bit of a wet _____. She’s always spoiling everyone’s fun
        A. rag                                   B. sheep                              C. rat                                    D. blanket.
7. We looked in every ______and cranny for the missing ring, but we couldn’t find it anywhere.
        A. nook                               B. gap                                  C. hole                  D. niche
8. Everyone bosses me about at work, I’m nothing but a __________.
        A. lame duck                      B. general dogsbody         C. blue- eye boy                D. marked man
9. He had a soft _____ for his granddaughter and thoroughly spoilt her.
        A. heart                               B. way                  C. smile                               D. spot
10. He just wanted one ______ before setting down and getting married.
        A. final fling                       B. last leap                          C. happy hop                      D. joyful jump

Exercise 6: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. Ask David to give you a hand moving the furniture. He’s as strong as _______.
        A. an elephant     B. a mountain                     C. a gorilla                          D. a horse
2. You’re not getting enough to eat, Jane! Look at you! You’re as thin as a _________.
        A. stick unsect                   B. rake                 C. finger                              D. wire.
3. We can’t eat this meat – it’s as tough as ________!
        A. canvas                            B. old boots                        C. rubber                             D. stale bread
4. You shouldn’t have frightened her like that, Poor thing! She went as white as _______!
        A. a sheet                            B. snow                               C. milk                 D. whitewash
5. Nothing ever seems to bother Colin. No matter what happens, he always seems to remain as cool as______.
        A. cool feet                         B. ice- cream                      C. a cucumber     D. as Eskimo
6. You’ll have to shout, I’m afraid. My father’s as deaf as ________.
        A. a leaf                              B. a post                              C. a politician                    D. a stone
7. It’s hard to believe Brian and Stephen are brothers, isn’t it? They’re as different as _______.
        A. Mars from Jupiter        B. milk from honey          C. chalk from cheese        D. margarine from butter.
8. Ever since I’ve given up smoking I feel as fit as _______!
        A. a fighter                         B. a fiddle                           C. a frog                              D. an athlete
9. Our dog looks very ferocious, but don’t worry, Liz. It’s gengtle like ________.
        A. a pony                            B. snowflakes                    C. a lamp                             D. washing-ip liquid.
10. “I hope the children didn’t play you up, Doris?” “No, not at all, Mrs Gardener. They’ve been as good as ___”.
        A. religion                          B. gold                                 C. God                  D. brass

Exericse 7: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. “The suitcase isn’t too heavy, is it?” “No, it’s as light as _______”.
        A. dust                                 B. lighting                          C. a feather                         D. a fish
2. “By the way, have you heard the one about the Welshman, the Irishman and the pig?” Yes, we have. That joke’s as old as______”.
        A. Solomon                        B. the hills                          C. a dinosaur                      D. Jupiter
3. Of course he loves you! It’s as plain as ________.
        A a pancake                                                     B. the knob on your door
        C. the nose on your face                 D. a bell
4. kate was as pleased as ______ when she heard had passed the exam.
        A. Punch                             B. a poppy                          C. a sunflower     D. pound notes
5. I hope the computer course starts this term. We’re all as keen as _______ to get going.
        A. coffee                             B. mustard                          C. a gigolo                          D. cornflakes
6. He was natural singer with a voice that was as clear as _______.
        A. a waterfall                     B. a lake                              C. a bell                               D. a mirror
7. After a good night’s sleep he woke up feeling as fresh as ______and eager to start work again.
        A. fruit                 B. a daisy                            C. a kitten                           D. a maiden
8. He might look kind and sympathetic, but deep down he’s as hard as ____
        A. nails                 B. a mountain                     C. a gangster                       D. an iceberg
9. Pauline can’t have immigrated to New Zealand because I saw her last night at Peter’s party, as ___as life.
        A. true                                 B. real                                  C. good                 D. large
10. It’s no use arguing with him, he won’t listen. He’s as sturbborn as ______.
        A. a mule                            B. a spoilt child C. a strawberry   D. a trade union

Exercise 8: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. “You’re drunk!” “No, I’m not. I’m as sober as _______”.
        A. a priest                           B. Sunday                           C. a judge                            D. a Muslin
2. Am I nervous? Of course not. Look at my hand- it’s as steady as ______.
        A. a bridge                          B. a rock                             C. steel bars                        D. a stepladder.
3. As students, David, Kevin and William were as thick as ____.
        A. thieves                           B. boy scouts                     C. a team                             D. thistles
4. Whenever I feel embarrassed I always go as red as _______.
        A. a rose                              B. lipstick                           C. a raspberry                    D. a beetroot
5. She was so tired last night that she slept like ____until 10 o’clock this morning.
        A. a squirrel                       B. death                               C. a log                 D. a zombie
6. We’d better get some extra food in if your brother is coming to stay with us. He eats like ______!
        A. a lion                              B. a starving man               C. an eagle                          D. a horse
7. Normally she smoked 15-20 cigarettes a day, but whenever she was worried or nervous she smoked like_____.
        A. a chimney                      B. a forest fire     C. a steam engine              D. a salmon
8. “Is the dress too big?” “No, not at all. It fits like________”.
        A. a mould                          B. a glove                            C. glue                  D. a pillowcase
9. News of the new pay agreement spread like _______throughout the factory.
        A. wildlife                          B. butter                              C. the plaque                      D. a flood
10. From the moment they first met they got on like ________.
        A. two peas in a a pod                     B. fish and chips               C. a house on fire              D. clockwork

Bài tập NGỮ ĐỘNG TỪ (Phrasal verbs)

Exercise 1: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

1. When the police investigate a crime, they ________evidence such as fingerprints, hair, or clothing
        A. look after                       B. look up to                      C. look for                          D. look into
2. “Do you ________ your new roommate, or do you two argue?”
        A. keep in touch with       B. get along with                C. on good terms with       D. get used to
3. After months of testing, the Russian space scientists ______ a space suit that works better than any other in history.
        A. came to                          B. came up with C. came up to                     D. came out with
4. Let’s check our hotel room _______before we pay for it.
        A. out                                  B. away                               C. up                                    D. off
5. He lost the tennis match, so we will try to cheer him ______.
        A. off                                   B. away                               C. on                                    D. up
6. The mechanic broke the engine_______ its many components
        A. up into                            B. into                                 C. down into                       D. off into
7. The couple broke _______ their angagement after they had a huge argument.
        A. in                                     B. over                 C. off                                   D. away
8. The new mayor will bring ______a change in local government policies.
        A. with                 B. out                                   C. up                                    D. about
9. Sara said she took golf _______ so that she could meet more interesting people.
        A. on                                    B. over                                C. back                 D.up
10. Try _____ this bicycle to determine if you feel comfortable on it.
        A. out                                  B. on                                    C. off                                   D. at

Exericise 2: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions

1. She turned the first offer _____ because she wanted more money for her house.
        A. off                                   B. away                               C. out                    D. down
2. They decided to name the new baby boy ________Grandpa.
        A. of                                    B. after                 C. with   D. as
3. Mom told her little boy to put all his toys ________ before coming to dinner.
        A. out                                  B. off                                   C. away                D. in
4. The couple put their wedding ______intil next year.
        A. off                                   B. up                                    C. on                     D. away
5. The gunman told the victim to hand _____ all his money.
        A. out                                  B. over                 C. in                      D. off
6. Don’t throw your jacket on the bed. Hang it _____
        A. up                                    B. over                 C. on                     D. in
7. The supervisor told her to keep _______ the good work.
        A. over                 B. on                                    C. with   D. up
8. Man is kiliing _______ all the fish in the sea.
        A. out                                  B. away                C. off                    D. up
9. If you leave ______any information, the form will be returned to you.
        A. down                              B. out                                   C. up                     D. away
10. Security is very important in this building. Don’t let anyone ____unless they show you proper indentification.
        A. in                                     B. out                                   C. off                    D. on

Exercise 3: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each od the following questions

1. Look this document ________carefully before you sign it.
        A.up                                     B. on                                    C. at                      D. over
2. If you don’t know what a word means, look it _____ in the dictionary.
        A. over                 B. up                                    C. on                     D. at
3. I couldn’t make ______ all the words on the sign because my glasses were dirty.
        A.up                                     B. out                                   C. clear D. up with
4. Tony and Nancy always kiss and make ______after their arguments.
        A. up                                    B. off                                   C. with                  D. up with
5. Cross _____ my name because I won’t be able to attend.
        A. out                                  B. down               C. up                     D. away
6. She will cut ____ the number of cigrarettes she smokes.
        A. off                                   B. in                                     C. up                     D. down
7. Have you figured _______ how to solve the problem yet?
        A. out                                  B. on                                    C. in                      D. of
8. After you fill the application form______, sign it and date it.
        A. on                                    B. off                                   C. out                    D. with
9. You should always fill _______ your tank when it gets down to a quarter full.
        A. off                                   B. up                                    C. in                      D. out
10. All students must hand _____ their homework the day after it is assigned.
        A. out                                  B. on                                    C. to                      D. in

Exericse 4: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions

1. The daughter looked______ her mother after her mom was sent home form the hospital with a broken hip.
        A. upon                               B. after C. on                     D. at
2. Why don’t you look ______ this situation and see if you can figure out a way to fix it without spending too much money?
        A. out                                  B. over C. away                D. off
3. My grandfather passed ______when I was only six years old. He had ______ lung cancer.
        A. out                                  B. over C. away                D. off
4. Every day many of us have to put ______people that we don’t like.
        A. on with                           B. off with           C. up                     D. up with
5. Nancy ran ____ Bob while both were shopping at the supermarket.
        A. over                 B. across              C. upon                D. onto
6. If you go hiking, you should watch ______for poison oak and snakes. Both can cause you problems.
        A. over                 B. up                     C. out                    D. on
7. Let’s get _______ the bus at the next stop. We can’t visit the museum and catch another bus in a couple of hours.
        A. onto                 B. out                    C. in                      D. off
8. When the student got ____ the test, he gave it to the teacher.
        A. over with                       B. through with   C. through at                      D. over
9. If you’re going to give ______ smoking, you must have a lot of will power.
        A. away                               B. up                     C. in to D. off
10. After you write your report, give it to your boss. He will go________ it and make any necessary changes.
        A. upon                               B. through with   C. over D. with

Exercise 5: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions

1. She kept ____ taking the real estate exam until she finally passed it and got her license
        A. on                                    B. onto C. in                      D. at
2. Kids have to talk fast if they want to ____their parents on a stroll through the park.
        A. keep with                       B. keep up with   C. keep onto        D. keep over with
3. You’d better cut______animal fat if you want to lower your cholesterol.
        A. down with                      B. off with           C. out in               D. down on
4. I wish my friends would call me first before they drop _______.
        A. in                                     B. out                    C. at                      D. off
5. Sales of the toy dropped ________ sharply when the TV news reported that a child had swallowed part of the toy and almost died.
        A. out                                  B. over C. away                D. off
6. People who don’t get _______their coworkers sometimes don’t lasr long at their jobs.
        A. up with                           B. along with                      C. on to                D. by with
7. At a crime scene, the police will tell you to get back. They don’t want civilians to interfere ______ the investigation.
        A. at                                     B. on                     C. with   D. into
8. The boy was always getting ________ trouble as a youth. Then, to everyone’s surprise, he became a policeman.
        A. into                                 B. onto C. on                     D. with
9. Mankind has managed to wipe _____many kinds of animals.
        A. away                               B. off                    C. out                    D. over
10. My car broke ______ on the way to work. I had to call a tow truck.
        A. down                              B. up                     C. off                    D. away

Exercise 6: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions

1. Before you finish this project, check ______ your supervisor for further instructions
        A. on                                    B. on with                           C. back with                       D. up
2. As soon as we got to the motel, we checked _______.
        A. at                                     B. in                                     C. on                                    D. off
3. While looking for my nail clipper, I came _______a knife that I thought I had lost.
        A. at                                     B. with                  C. up                                    D. across
4. We’ve ________ out of milk. You’ll have to drink your tea without it.
        A. come                               B. taken                               C. gone                 D. run
5. It’s difficulty to _______luxuries when you’re used to having them.
        A. cut down on   B. cut down at                    C. cut off on                       D. cut down into
6. I missed the seven o’clock news on the radio this morning. I _____ up too late.
        A. came               B. turned                             C. grew D. woke
7. Governments should ______ international laws against terrorism.
        A. bring up                         B. bring about    C.bring in             D. bring back
8. You can’t possibly say no to such a wonderful job offer. It’s too good to ______.
        A. turn it up                        B. turn it down    C. put it up           D. put it down
9. Eve was born in the South, but she grew ________ in the North.
        A. up                                    B. on                                    C. about               D. at
10. “What ______ yout flight?” “There was a big snowstorm in Denver that delayed a lot of flights”.
        A. delayed up                     B. postponed up                C. held up            D. hung up

Exercise 7: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions:

1. “Can you read that sign?” “Just a minute. Let me ______ my glasses”.
        A. put off                            B. put on                             C. put with                          D. put away
2. This is Bob speaking. I need my pocket calculator. Can I have it back tomorrow? I can’t ________ it.
        A. do with                           B. do  without                    C. deal with                        D. deal without.
3. “That old paint that you have stored in your garage is a fine hazard”. “You’re right. I should ______it”.
        A. get away from               B. get rid of                        C. get through with            D. get along with.
4. “You must be anxious to go on your vacation.”. “I certainly am. I am really ______this trip”.
        A. looking for                    B. looking forward            C. looking forward to       D. looking up to
5. “Who ______ out that tie for you?” Noone. I choose it myself.”
        A. bought                            B. brought                           C. turned                             D. picked
6. We didn’t like John when we first met him, but he has turned_______ to be a good friend to us.
        A. down                              B. up                                    C. on                                    D. out
7. “Have you_______this contract yet?” “Not yet. I’ll try to read this weekend”
        A. looked over                   B. looked into                    C. looked up                       D. looked out
8. After ten times, the students _____in their quizzes to the instructor.
        A. gave                 B. had                                  C. held                  D. handed
9. “Hello, is Bill there?”.Yes, ________a minute, and I’ll get him
        A. hang on                          B. hang up                          C. hold on                           D. A and C are correct
10. I was talking to my aunt when suddenly my cousin Geroge ______ in on our conversation.
        A. interrupted                    B. broke                             C. went                 D. intervened



 

Tác giả bài viết: Nguyễn Văn Hà

Tổng số điểm của bài viết là: 5 trong 1 đánh giá

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